An interventional cardiologist is exposed to an estimated 50 mSv-200 mSv of ionizing radiation, which equates to 2,500-10,000 chest X-rays. The career exposure to the head is estimated to be 1,000 mSv, which is equivalent to 50,000 chest X-rays. Exposure to radiation has been associated with both macrovascular and microvascular abnormalities.
Picano E, Vano E, Domenici L, et al. Cancer and non-cancer brain and eye effects of chronic low-dose ionizing radiation exposure. BMC Cancer 2012;12(1):157.